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Fasting recommendations for infants and children

Fasting recommendations for infants and children

Sometimes it is necessary to perform medical procedures on infants or young children that require to fast beforehand, mainly for procedures under sedation or anesthesia. These procedures include performing certain diagnostic tests that require immobility or are painful, certain treatments or surgical interventions. The main reason for recommending fasting is to avoid bronchoaspiration of regurgitated gastric contents with potentially serious consequences. There are other procedures that do not require to fast before, even though in some practices they are still recommended, but…

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Stages of Nipple Damages

Stages of Nipple Damages

Nipple soreness is one of the most common problems during breastfeeding. Moreover, as they are related to pain, numerous studies indicate that this is one of the main reasons for mothers to stop breastfeeding. When a breastfeeding mother has nipple lesions, it is important to know the aetiology of the lesions and the most appropriate treatment. The assessment of the feeding, the latch and the oral structures of the infant are essential in order to know the cause of the…

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ECZEMA OF THE NIPPLE AND/OR AREOLA

ECZEMA OF THE NIPPLE AND/OR AREOLA

The term eczema is defined as an inflammatory skin condition with erythema, inflammation, papules, vesicles, exudates and crusts, lichenification, skin erosion, fissures, excoriations and desquamation, located in the area of the nipple and/or areola.  This definition covers several types of dermatitis (seborrheic and atopic) and contact irritation or hypersensitivity. In addition, this lesion often occurs concomitantly with Staphylococcus aureus skin infections.  Symptoms commonly manifested by women who suffer from it are: itching, burning and pain both when breastfeeding and when…

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