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Pollutants substances in breastmilk: is it necessary to monitor them?

Pollutants substances in breastmilk: is it necessary to monitor them?

A study about pollutants substances in breastmilk led by Dr. Nicolás Olea has been published this March analyzing the levels of lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) in breastmilk samples in a milk bank in Spain (1). This study analyzed 83 human milk samples and determined that arsenic was the most detected element, found in 97.1% of the samples analyzed with a mean concentration of 1.49 μg/L. It was followed by mercury, which was found in 81.2% of…

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Lip Out Technique(II): uses in treatment

Lip Out Technique(II): uses in treatment

The Lip Out technique, developed by the pediatric physiotherapist and IBCLC and director of Grupo Aúpale, José García Morales, is a diagnostic and treatment tool for breast latch sealing during breastfeeding. José García, trained in this technique in the LactApp Updates. This article summarizes the first part of the session. The Lip Out, which we remind you, consists of removing the infant’s lower lip in order to observe the tongue and assess whether it is able to maintain the vacuum….

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Lip Out Technique (I): Classification and Use Case in Diagnosis

Lip Out Technique (I): Classification and Use Case in Diagnosis

Last February a lactation update session for professionals entitled “Physiotherapy in BF, Lip Out as a diagnostic tool and treatment of the seal” took place in LactApp. It was given by José Luís García-Morales, pediatric physiotherapist, IBCLC and director of Grupo Aúpale. Lip Out refers to an evaluation technique and treatment of the alterations that the tongue may present in the oral sealing function for breastfeeding. The technique consists of removing the infant’s lower lip in order to observe the tongue and…

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Milk production in women who use nipple shields during lactation

Milk production in women who use nipple shields during lactation

Recently, a study on the use of nipple shields in women with persistent nipple pain has been published. The study led by Dr Sharon Lisa Perrella, MD, has been published in the journal JOGNNN and under the title “Breast Milk Production in Women who use Nipple Shields for persistent nipple pain”.  The article focuses on understanding the association between the use of nipple shields and milk production. It starts from the hypothesis that pain could decrease the ejection reflex and…

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I LactApp Medical Congress

I LactApp Medical Congress

LactApp invites you to participate in the I LactApp Medical Congress, which will take place on May 25, 26 and 27 under the theme ‘Scientific evidence as a challenge in breastfeeding‘, open to all professionals interested in the field of breastfeeding. It will be a 100% online with more than 40 top level speakers such as the Australian Lisa Amir, editor-in-chief of the International Breastfeeding Journal; the American author Kimberly Seals, co-founder of the Black Breastfeeding Week; Canadian Leonore Goldfarb,…

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Breast compression technique

Breast compression technique

Breast compression is a simple technique that can help improve milk flow and transfer when there are difficulties with breastfeeding. It consists of continuous compression of the breast of the breastfeeding person so that the infant’s suckling is usually more effective. Breast compression techniques can help in different situations, such as: Infants with difficulties in gaining weight Infants with Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) or low birth weight Newborns that are very sleepy or present immature suckling – to prevent difficulties in milk transfer. During…

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Lactation restoration techniques

Lactation restoration techniques

Lactation restoration techniques: refusal of the breast by the infant at some point during the breastfeeding journey is a situation that can occur with some frequency. In this context, the mother is likely to interpret this situation as an infant-induced attempt of weaning. When this happens before the age of one year, it is very uncommon that this stems from an infant’s own willingness to stop breastfeeding, but usually, there are rather other underlying causes.  Lactation restoration techniques Some of…

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Fasting recommendations for infants and children

Fasting recommendations for infants and children

Sometimes it is necessary to perform medical procedures on infants or young children that require to fast beforehand, mainly for procedures under sedation or anesthesia. These procedures include performing certain diagnostic tests that require immobility or are painful, certain treatments or surgical interventions. The main reason for recommending fasting is to avoid bronchoaspiration of regurgitated gastric contents with potentially serious consequences. There are other procedures that do not require to fast before, even though in some practices they are still recommended, but…

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Stages of Nipple Damage

Stages of Nipple Damage

Nipple soreness is one of the most common problems during breastfeeding. Moreover, as this problem is related to pain, numerous studies indicate that this is one of the main reasons for mothers to stop breastfeeding. When a breastfeeding mother presents nipple lesions, it is important to know the aetiology of the lesions and the most appropriate treatment. An assessment of the feeding technique, the latch and the oral structures of the infant is essential to know the cause of the…

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ECZEMA OF THE NIPPLE AND/OR AREOLA

ECZEMA OF THE NIPPLE AND/OR AREOLA

The term eczema is defined as an inflammatory skin condition with erythema, inflammation, papules, vesicles, exudates and crusts, lichenification, skin erosion, fissures, excoriations and desquamation, located in the area of the nipple and/or areola.  This definition covers several types of dermatitis (seborrheic and atopic) and irritation or hypersensitivity at contact. In addition, this lesion often occurs concomitantly with Staphylococcus aureus skin infections.  Symptoms commonly manifested by women who suffer from it are: itching, burning and pain both when breastfeeding and…

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