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Ethics in Research

Ethics in Research

Research ethics during the first half of the last century, particularly in pregnant women and in the postpartum period, was abusive and immoral. A paper published in 1948 studying the milk ejection reflex is a good example of this (1). In this study, a series of immoral procedures were performed on a 25-year-old woman while she was breastfeeding her daughter to assess whether pain, stress, or distraction could influence the milk ejection reflex. Three procedures, which they called distraction, were…

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The relactation process

The relactation process

Relactation is the re-establishment of breastmilk supply in a woman who has given birth, after milk secretion has significantly been reduced, interrupted or inhibited altogether, either because of inability or unwillingness to breastfeed after childbirth. Requests for help in relactation are common, it is a process in which women must be accompanied and they need to know very well the steps and actions to be taken to increase breast milk production while reducing the amount of formula offered to the…

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