We get many queries related to alcohol consumption and breastfeeding. This is not an easy topic to address and mothers who seek information about drinking alcohol while breastfeeding find contradictory messages and different information depending on where they live.
Here we are trying to shed some light on the subject, by providing different aspects and publications of reputable organisations, so that each mother can make her own decision with the information in hand.
The consumption of alcohol
Before exposing the different positions on the subject, we would like to make clear that alcohol is bad for health, always and for everyone. It is not true that a glass of wine a day is healthy, the evidence tells us just the opposite. And, obviously, it is even more dangerous for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Remember that during pregnancy the consumption of alcohol is absolutely off limits, you should never drink alcohol in pregnancy. See more information on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
Regular consumption of alcohol during breastfeeding impairs the baby’s psychomotor development, causes little weight gain and sedation. In addition, it is important to remember that if you have consumed alcohol, co-sleeping is dangerous and not recommended. In addition to this, alcohol content in your breastmilk is proven to affect your baby’s sleep.
NHS UK (1)
“An occasional drink is unlikely to harm your breastfed baby. But never share a bed or sofa with your baby if you have drunk any alcohol. Doing this has a strong association with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).”
La Leche League UK (2)
“The effects of alcohol on your baby are directly related to the amount you drink. When you drink occasionally the amount of alcohol your baby receives has not been proven to be harmful. Things to consider: Your baby’s age:
- A newborn has an immature liver, and will be more affected by alcohol
- Up until around 3 months of age, infants metabolise alcohol at about half the rate of adults
- An older baby can metabolise alcohol more quickly than a young infant”
“If you are sober enough to drive you should be sober enough to breastfeed.”
Drinkaware UK (3)
Australian Breastfeeding Association (4)
“If you want to, you can enjoy a glass of wine, a beer or whatever it is that you choose to drink. The key is to plan ahead. The concentration of alcohol in your blood is the concentration of alcohol in your milk. Only time will reduce the amount of alcohol in the milk in your breasts.
The safest option when breastfeeding is to avoid drinking alcohol altogether. However, planning ahead can allow you to express some milk for your baby ahead of time. Your baby can have this milk if you miss a feed while drinking, or while you are waiting for the amount of alcohol in your milk to drop.”
The Australian Breastfeeding Association provides a leaflet with a table containing approximate time taken for alcohol to be cleared from breastmilk according to your body weight.
E-lactancia.org is a non-profit Website developed by pediatricians, a valuable resource where you can find out the compatibility of medicines, drugs and other substances and breastfeeding. In this case, e-lactancia classifies alcohol as high risk and explains it this way:
“The time needed to wait to breastfeed so that the alcohol ingested occasionally has disappeared from the milk and blood depends on the weight of the mother (the less weight, the longer time) and the amount of alcohol consumed (the more alcohol, the longer time).”
American Academy of Pediatrics (6)
“Alcohol passes through your breast milk to your baby, so the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends avoiding drinking alcohol while breastfeeding. Drinking beer does not increase your milk supply, as urban myth(s) suggests.”
“Expressing or pumping milk after drinking alcohol, and then discarding it (“pumping and dumping”), does NOT reduce the amount of alcohol present in your milk quicker.” Remember that the alcohol level in your milk will always decrease at the same rate as the alcohol level in your blood, so time is crucial.
Spanish Association of Pediatrics (7)
“It is very important not to drink alcohol at least during the first 3 months. After the first months small and sporadic amounts are tolerable (a small beer or a glass of wine once or twice a week), try to keep them away from the feeds. Do not drink high alcoholic beverages, such as gin, liquors or whiskey. The popular myth that a glass of beer a day increases milk production has no scientific evidence to support it.”
It is clear that alcohol during pregnancy is totally inadvisable. During breastfeeding it is best to be very careful. The smaller your baby is, the more care you should take. As they grow – although you must continue to be careful – if you want to drink alcohol sporadically, the risk to your baby is much lower. Also, a two-month-old baby who is exclusively breastfed will not be the same case as a two-year-old who already eats other food, so you can space out your drinks more.