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Breastfeeding aversion and agitation

Breastfeeding aversion and agitation

Breastfeeding is a vital process for the optimal health and development of infants. However, despite providing benefits that are widely acknowledged by scientific evidence, many mothers experience a range of emotions and sensations throughout their breastfeeding journey, which have not been studied much. One of these complex emotions is breastfeeding agitation or aversion, a relatively unknown phenomenon in which the infant is rejected. This article will examine breastfeeding agitation from a scientific perspective, exploring its characteristics, possible causes, and implications…

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Complications in breastfeeding

Complications in breastfeeding

Although it is well known that breastfeeding should never be painful, pain continues to be one of the leading causes of weaning among nursing mothers. When complications appear during breastfeeding, such as engorgement, ductal obstructions, acute mastitis, or an abscess, a proper differential diagnosis must be made in order to be able to manage them correctly. At the end of this article, there is an infographic to support professionals who accompany breastfeeding and its processes. This should help diagnose and…

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Supression of lactation

Supression of lactation

There are very few clinical conditions that contraindicate breastfeeding, such as galactosemia. However, there are many situations when a woman may wish to discontinue breastfeeding and suppress lactation. Mothers may decide whether or not to breastfeed their newborn or to stop breastfeeding at a time when they feel it is necessary. There are several methods for the suppression of lactation. As healthcare professionals, we must be aware of all of them and of their limitations, when informing and accompanying a…

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Difference between lactose intolerance and cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA)

Difference between lactose intolerance and cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA)

Frequently, the differences between lactose intolerance and CMPA, which stands for cow’s milk protein allergy, are not well distinguished. This happens not only to families but also to healthcare professionals. A food allergy and food intolerance are both adverse reactions to the consumption of certain foods. Differentiating the symptoms, causes, and treatment is key to guiding families in case their infants suffer from any of these pathologies. Food allergy is a reaction of the immune system that causes repeated symptoms…

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Infant daytime sleep

Infant daytime sleep

There are few publications on physiological infant daytime sleep in the context of breastfeeding. Sleep is one of the topics of most concern to families. Expressions such as “sleeping like a baby” are a clear example of the fact that babies are often thought to have deep and continuous sleep, which causes endless concerns for their caregivers. Infant sleep is a physiological process that begins in the fetal stage and evolves until the child is several years old. In addition,…

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Birth control in breastfeeding women

Birth control in breastfeeding women

When a breastfeeding woman comes to primary care for information on contraception, questions may arise about the best method for her situation. This article reviews the most appropriate birth control methods for breastfeeding women and their compatibility with breastfeeding. Contraception methods are those actions, devices, or medications that are used to prevent pregnancy and are also known as birth control. For breastfeeding women, there are many effective and safe contraceptive methods to choose from. As in the general non-breastfeeding population,…

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Skin-to-skin contact and safety

Skin-to-skin contact and safety

Practicing skin-to-skin contact is not exclusive to the early hours of postpartum, but this can be performed at any time in the newborn’s life. It is a practice that is considered safe under normal conditions, but it is not without risk, with sudden unexpected postnatal collapse (SUPC) being the most worrisome. The presence of a pathology or medications are the main factors that increase the risk of this condition. Therefore, it is essential to perform skin-to-skin contact after birth safely,…

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Sun protection in pregnancy and breastfeeding

Sun protection in pregnancy and breastfeeding

With summer’s arrival and rising temperatures, families may have doubts about the most appropriate sun protection to choose for themselves and their children. The importance of sun exposure for any living being and also the need for protection to avoid skin problems are well known. Sun protection is a key element for this time of the year, as well as choosing the one that best suits each situation. Sunlight The sun emits energy in the form of radiation, a mixture…

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What is the prevalence of tongue-tie?

What is the prevalence of tongue-tie?

Tongue-tie (or ankyloglossia) is an infant’s limitation of protruding and elevating the tip of the tongue due to a short lingual frenulum and/or restriction of the genioglossus muscles. Tongue-tie influences the growth and development of the mouth cavity and affects functional processes such as chewing, sucking, swallowing, and speech. In addition, the clinical appearance of ankyloglossia can result in painful breastfeeding, an inability to obtain an effective latch, and, as a consequence, poor weight gain. What is the prevalence of…

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Lumps in the breast during lactation

Lumps in the breast during lactation

Lumps can occur in the breast during lactation, which usually puts the woman on alert. A thorough anamnesis is essential to know the cause of the complaint and its treatment. The most common causes of lumps are duct obstruction, breast abscess, and galactocele. Obstructions of the duct are due to stasis of milk caused by difficulties in the milk let-down due to suboptimal breastfeeding technique. In addition, pressure may be performed on the duct, for example, the pressure applied by…

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